mines are located in the National Garden in downtown Kangavar, Qureh-Jin
and behind the Shahrak-e Vali-e Asr in the south (of the town), and
Allah-Daneh district in the north,” the director of the Kangavar
Cultural Heritage and Tourism Office told the Persian service of the
Cultural Heritage News (CHN) agency on Friday.
is evidence that the mine had been utilized in ancient times. The vertical
and horizontal incisions indicate that the stones had been cut for
construction purposes. Even some unfinished columns and stone cubes were
discovered in some of the mines,” Saeid Dustani added.
had previously discovered the Chehel Maran, Soltanababad, and Helal-e
Ahmar stone mines in the region, which they believe also provided stones
for the construction of the temple.
year, a mason began using the stones of the mines for restoration of the
temple, but the project was halted. There are many stones at the site of
the temple and we do not need to exploit the mines for the renovation of
the temple. Our office plans to register the mines on Iran’s National
Heritage List in order to safeguard them. At the present time, the mine
located in the National Garden is threatened by construction projects. It
is difficult to demarcate the mine due to the projects,” he explained.
is a small town lying halfway between Hamedan and Kermanshah. In about 200
BC, during the Seleucid Greek occupation of Kangavar, a major sanctuary
was built to the mother goddess Anahita -- who was worshipped in ancient
Persia along with Ahura Mazda and Mithras. This vast temple was built of
enormous blocks of dressed stone with an imposing entrance of opposed
staircases which may have been inspired by the Apadana at Persepolis.
Anahita Temple is very impressive from an architectural perspective.
(or Nahid in modern Persian), ancient Iranian Goddess, whose name means
"unstained" or "immaculate", was an ancient Persian
deity who seems to have been worshipped by the Medes and Persians before
they adopted Zoroastrianism.
of the early references to such a temple is by the Greek geographer
Isidore of Charax who reports that in Parthian territory, Ecbatana, the
greatest metropolis of Media, retained a temple of Anahita where
sacrifices were regularly offered. At Concobar (Kangavar) in lower Media,
a temple of Artemis built about 200 BC, was standing when Isidore of
Charax wrote, and some vestiges of this Greek-style edifice survive today.
the very few carvings of Anahita, one can refer to a rock
carving at Naqsh-e
Rustam where the chief minister of Sasanid king of kings Yazdegerd's
last years Mihr-Naresh is shown receiving investiture from the hands of
Anahita, who wears a serrated crown and a sleeveless cloak.
temple was discovered in 1969 when workers were removing the rubble of a
building demolished in a construction project at the site.