to history books, Ecbatana became the first Iranian
capital by the Median dynasty in the late 8th century BCE,
but the recent researches show that the site identified as
Ecbatana was inhabited during the Parthian dynastic era
and was probably built in that time or slightly earlier,
team director Dr Masud Azarnush said.
remains of earthenware as well as brass coins from the
Parthian dynastic era were discovered during the recent
excavations in an area covering 100 square meters,” he
architectural structures of the city were probably
constructed in the Parthian era as well, he said.
to Azarnush, the new structures were built on the previous
walls and foundations during different eras in the city,
that is, the Sassanid layer was built on the Parthian
layer. The last layers belong to the Qajar and Pahlavi
noted that further studies must be carried out at other
parts of the site to reveal more of the history of the
believes that one of the other nearby ancient mounds in
Hamedan may be the real Ecbatana of the Medes. None of
these mounds has been excavated yet.
to Herodotus, Ecbatana became the capital of the Median
empire in the late 8th century BCE, although some
historians believe the city was founded in the first
the Achaemenid dynastic era, it was the summer capital of
the Empire and the site of an important treasury, later
looted by Alexander the Macedonian warlord.
was the satrapal seat of the province of Media from
Achaemenid to Sassanid times.