will start the final season of excavations in the
pre-historical Siyalk Tepe.
Siyalk Tepe which dates back to more than 8000 years ago
is one of the most important historical sites of Iran,
located in Kashan city. The remains in this historical
hill indicate that it was the residential area of many
ethnic groups in the course of history. Siyalk was first
excavated by Roman Grishman, French archaeologist. During
his excavations, Grishman unearthed a giant structure
which he called the brick structure of Siyalk.
“Despite the previous plans, just the northern hill of Siyalk
will be excavated during the last season of excavations to
study again the history of the sixth millennium BC in Siyalk,”
said Sadegh Malek Shahmirzadi, head of the excavation team
“Since the forth season of excavations is focusing just
on the northern hill, it seems that like the previous
years there is no need for the attendance of foreign
researchers on the site,” explained Malek.
Four excavation seasons in Siyalk Tepe led to new
discoveries about this pre-historical site. Some big clay
jars, a giant earthen monument as ziggurat, the skeletons
of a man and a girl who were most probably buried under
debris due to an earthquake, and hundreds of other
historical evidence have been unearthed during the
“Grishman was a genius archeologist. He excavated Siyalk
very systematically, but the facilities for archaeological
excavations were limited at his time. Today with the use
of the interdisciplinary studies we can obtain more
information about life of the ethic groups during the
pre-historic periods,” said Malek.
Since Silak Tepe is now located inside the perimeters of
Kashan city and many residential houses surround it, the
Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization of Iran has
presented a project to clear up the Siyalk area.