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Parthian Architectural Remains Discovered in Gilan


News Category: Parthian/Arsacid Dynasty (248 BCE - 224 CE)

 10 December 2005



With the start of the first season of archeological excavations in Kaluraz Tepe in Gilan province, some architectural remains belonging to the Parthian dynastic era were discovered in this historical site.

Discovery of the architectural evidence in Gilan province has always been a concern of the excavators’. Therefore the discovery of architectural evidence in the Kaluraz Tepe of Rostam Abad, for the first time in a stratiographied wall, has a special significance for archaeologists. Based on the evidence from this wall, a program has been implemented by the Archaeological Research Center to identify the ancient architecture in Gilan province.

“Following the implementation of the approved programs by the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization of Iran and after last year’s stratographies and identification of architectural layers in this historical hill, the first season of excavation in this historical site have started since 27th of October 2005 and is still going on,” says Mohammad Reza Khalatbari, head of the excavation team in historical site of Kaluraz Tepe in Gilan province.

“Following the initial measures and providing the topographic map of the region, the first phase started and within the first step we reached to an earthen wall. We are still continuing excavations to discover the rest of the wall, and we hope to be able to recover the whole wall completely,” added Khalatbari.

Referring to previous excavations, Khalatbari says that there was a continuous life in the region from the Iron Age to the Parthian era, and then it became abundant. Therefore it is supposed that the discovered wall belongs to the Parthian era.

Until now all the stratigraphies in the walls of Gilan province were done horizontally in order to determine the perimeters of the ancient cemeteries. Kaluraz Tepe is the first historical site in Gilan province, in which archaeologists could create a vertical stratographied wall and study different archaeological layers in it.

During the archaeological excavations in this historical site last year, some aspects of the mysteries of this hill was revealed that most probably there was a time when the hill was an aristocratic residency.

If archaeologists discover more architectural evidence in the site, it will help to uncover secrets of the architectural methods of the area, besides providing evidence of the Kadousi government and residence of the Iron Age people there.

Gilan is one of the provinces of Iran located in south-west of Caspian Sea in north of Iran, known during ancient times as part of Hyrcania.

Archaeological excavations reveal the antiquity of the province of the province to date back to prior to the last Ice Age. In the 6th century BCE, the inhabitants of Gilan allied with Cyrus the Great and overthrew the Median dynasty. The province then passed from the control of one dynasty to the next.

Also, remains of a residential fortress, which is an indication of a large city once existing there around 3000 years ago, were found in Kaluraz Tepe.





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