joint archaeological expedition is determined to carry out
excavations in the No. 34 area of the Bolaghi Gorge, which
is part of an important Achaemenid historical hill. It is
supposed that the hill was a valuable monument during the
Bolaghi Gorge is an area near Pasargadae Archaeological
Complex bearing invaluable historical objects which will
be flooded by the inauguration of Sivand dam. The visit of
Cultural Commission of Iran’s parliament from Bolaghi
Gorge resulted in the postponement of the inundation of
the Sivand Dam for six months, which provided an
opportunity for the archaeologists to carry out further
excavations in the site.
“This historical hill is located near the Imperial Road
and most probably belongs to a valuable monument. Since it
is supposed that Bolaghi Gorge was used as a hunting
ground during the Achaemenid era, what we know as the Imperial Road
today is actually the Walls of the King Pardis which
separate the hunting ground from the Pardis region. Thus
this year’s excavations rejected the theory of the Imperial Road,”
said Mohammad Atayi, an archaeologist who, alongside
French and German teams, has carried out a lot of the
excavations in the Bolaghi Gorge area.
“During the excavations in the No. 85 area, the remains
of a pillar belonging to the Achaemenid era was
discovered, which was an approval of the existence of an
Achaemenid palace in the Bolaghi Gorge region.
Unfortunately, constructions built on the Achaemenid
palace during the Sassanid era destroyed the remains of
the palace. However, the existence of the palace inside
the Bolaghi Gorge is a proof of the existence of a hunting
ground in the region,” added Atayi.
According to Atayi, there might still be some valuable
monuments left from the Achaemenid era in the Pardis
region, and for this reason No. 34 area, which is located
inside the Pardis, should be excavated.
The previous geophysics researches indicate that the No.
34 area belongs to a giant monument dating back to the
Achaemenid era. Moreover, the existence of the clays on
the surface is another proof to this claim. Remy
Boucharlat, head of the French excavation team in Bolaghi
Gorge, believes that the Imperial Road was the route of an
irrigation canal, but Atayi denies this theory. According
to him, five holes have been made in the Imperial Road by
the archeologists, but no evidence of plaster or such
materials has been found so far; while if the path had
been used as an irrigation canal, such evidence should
have been found.
“If the excavations in the No. 34 area lead to the
discovery of a valuable monument belonging to the
Achaemenid era, then we can claim for sure that the Imperial Road
was the Paradise Wall,” explained Atayi.
Discovering a valuable monument in the No. 34 area of the
Bolaghi Gorge will make the dam authorities to reduce the
water level of the reservoir which is intended to reach as
high as one meter from the No. 34 area.
Sivand Dam has been built in the Bolaghi Gorge, which is
known to have been the location of the ancient Imperial Road,
and is one of the historical sites of the Pasargadae. With
inundation of the dam, 130 historical sites unearthed so
far in the Bolaghi Gorge will drown. At the present, with
the cooperation of the Sivand Dam authorities and the
Bolaghi Gorge salvation team, some joint teams from Iran
and foreign countries are busy with archaeological
excavations in the site to save the main parts of the
Bolaghi Gorge before its flooding.