the archaeological excavations in the historical site of
Qoli Darvish Tepe in Qom, a temple and a brazier dating
back to the Iron Age have been unearthed, which are
believed to be the most ancient ones in the Central
Plateau. The brazier has a hole inside in which remains of
ashes can still be detected.
Qoli Darvish historical tepe (hill) is one of the most
important historical sites in the Central Plateau
belonging to the Iron Age, located on the way of Qom-Jamkaran
highway. The construction of this highway resulted in the
destruction of more than 40 hectare of the 50 hectare area
of Qoli Darvish Tepe; and the height of the hill was
reduced to 6 meters while once it was more than 30 meters
high. Archaeological excavations in Qoli Darvish
historical site indicate that residency in Qom dates back
to fourth millennium BC.
“After studying the upper layers of Qoli Darvish Tepe,
some parts were removed in order for the archeologists to
gain access to the lower layers. During that process we
surprisingly discovered the remains of a temple alongside
a brazier beneath a clay platform,” said Siamak Sarlak,
head of archaeological excavation team at Qoli Darvish
Tepe about the latest discoveries in the site.
“The discovered temple is the most ancient one in the
Central Plateau, and dates back to 3300 years ago. The
temple is made of adobe mortar and was designed by stucco
mason,” added Sarlak.
According to Sarlak, the temple is consisted of several
earthen raised platforms. There is a flat square shaped
brazier made of clay in the center of the temple. The
evidence indicates that the brazier was broken in the past
and was later repaired with stucco.
Regarding the raised platforms he explained: “The raised
clay platforms are located in the eastern and western
sides of the area. The remains of a staircase made of
adobe belonging to the Iron Age have been found on the
eastern platform. Two and a half stairs are remained and
the rest have been destroyed by bulldozers.”
According to the archaeological evidence, a large part of
the temple had been remained intact before the highway
“Qoli Darvish clay platform was built on the temple, but
since the temple was regarded as a holy place, the raised
platform was built on top of it without causing any harm
to the temple itself. Thus, fortunately the temple was not
devastated and the ancient people only closed its doors.
Most probably, there should have been another temple on
the raised clay platform which has also been devastated by
bulldozers,” explained Sarlak.
Sarlak believes that based on the current evidence, the
temple should have been used for holding special religious
ceremonies. The way these ceremonies were held is still
unknown for archeologists.
The temple was beautifully decorated and strengthened with
stucco which shows the importance of worship places during
the ancient times.
Qoli Darvish Tepe, located in the Iranian central plateau,
was one of the few settlement places of human beings
during the Iron Age. This historical hill was a big city
3000 years ago. Unfortunately, more than 90 percent of
this historical site has been devastated due to the modern
constructions. The destruction of this historical site was
so profound that is regarded as one of the worst cultural