Mârlik (Marlik Cup) represents the great civilization of
Gohar valley in Gilan province, according to a researcher
Speaking to ISNA, he said that the civilization in the
area is so rich that it won the admiration of researchers
throughout the world.
Mousavi said that archeologists came across the invaluable
Marlik Cup while conducting excavations at Koulak in Gohar
valley, Roudbar, Gilan province in 1961.
Archeologists Seifollah Kambakhsh-Fard, Mahmoud Kardovani,
and Mafi led by professor Ezzatollah Negahban were
involved in the excavation.
He said that Marlik Cup dates back to around 14th BC
adding that it probably belonged to a civilization which
flourished in the first half of the second millennium BC.
The civilization thrived along the banks of Mardi (or
Amardi) River (Sepid Roud) and the nearby plains.
The tribe itself was called ’Mard’ and the adjective
of Amardi, meaning ’fighter’ was attributed to them.
Historical objects unearthed from Gohar Roud (Marlik) in
1961 indicate that the territory was once a center of art
which influenced the entire Middle East.
Mousavi said that the same tribesmen called Gil Mard are
living in Gilan province. Nowadays, in Gilan province, the
ships are called ’Gil Mardi’ and the men and women
living in the province are known as Gilmard.
The language of Gilmardi is spoken in the eastern part of
the province and is somewhat different from Taleshi,
Lahijani and Rashti dialects.
The title of Gil Gamesh was given to heroes who were as
strong as oxen.
The greatest of Iranian poet Master Ferdowsi spoke highly
of the bravery of the Gilmards warriors in his epic
Shahnameh several times, Mousavi said.