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Marlik Cup, a Symbol of Northern-Iranian Civilization


News Category: Prehistory/Proto-Elamites (from 8000 BCE - )

 15 December 2005



marlik_gold_vase.jpg (62890 bytes)Jâm-e Mârlik (Marlik Cup) represents the great civilization of Gohar valley in Gilan province, according to a researcher Hossein Mousavi.

Speaking to ISNA, he said that the civilization in the area is so rich that it won the admiration of researchers throughout the world.

Mousavi said that archeologists came across the invaluable Marlik Cup while conducting excavations at Koulak in Gohar valley, Roudbar, Gilan province in 1961.

Archeologists Seifollah Kambakhsh-Fard, Mahmoud Kardovani, and Mafi led by professor Ezzatollah Negahban were involved in the excavation.

He said that Marlik Cup dates back to around 14th BC adding that it probably belonged to a civilization which flourished in the first half of the second millennium BC.

The civilization thrived along the banks of Mardi (or Amardi) River (Sepid Roud) and the nearby plains.

The tribe itself was called ’Mard’ and the adjective of Amardi, meaning ’fighter’ was attributed to them.

Historical objects unearthed from Gohar Roud (Marlik) in 1961 indicate that the territory was once a center of art which influenced the entire Middle East.

Mousavi said that the same tribesmen called Gil Mard are living in Gilan province. Nowadays, in Gilan province, the ships are called ’Gil Mardi’ and the men and women living in the province are known as Gilmard.

The language of Gilmardi is spoken in the eastern part of the province and is somewhat different from Taleshi, Lahijani and Rashti dialects.

The title of Gil Gamesh was given to heroes who were as strong as oxen.

The greatest of Iranian poet Master Ferdowsi spoke highly of the bravery of the Gilmards warriors in his epic Shahnameh several times, Mousavi said.




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