latest archaeological excavations in the basin of Halil-Rud
River resulted in the discovery of more than one hundred
clay statuettes belonging to the Parthian dynastic era.
The excavations have also led to the discovery of 53
pre-historic sites, cemeteries, workshops, and residential
Historical site of Halil-Rud, located on the basin of the
river, enjoys a rich civilization. Some stone and clay
evidence and architectural remains belonging to the third
millennium BC were unearthed during the archeological
excavations as well as the illegal diggings of the
historical sites have been identified so far in the 400
kilometer length of Halil-Rud River’s basin.
“Animal and human clay statuettes were the most
important discoveries during these excavations. These
statuettes which were either simple or had complicated
designs were buried with the dead as gifts during the
Parthian period. Since several statuettes were buried in
each grave, we can not give the exact number of these
statuettes,” said Nader Soleimani, head of
archaeological excavation team in Halil-Rud.
A large number of these graves have already been unearthed
by the illegal diggers and their items have been
“These statuettes were discovered during archeological
studies in Hossien Abad Plain in a historical site. It
seems that the place might have been an Parthian workshop
for making the clay statuettes as burial gifts. Some clay
articles and dishes were also produced in these workshops.
What is important in this respect is the large number of
these statuettes. Making these kinds of statuettes was
common during the Parthian dynastic era,” explained
Halil-Rud, located in Kerman province, is the largest
river in Iran. The civilization that lived beside this
river is believed to be one of the most ancient ones in