The inscription on a brick found in the
archeological site of Jiroft is identified by experts as a manuscript
belonging to the Elamite era.
The inscription which includes two lines proves that the residents of
the area enjoyed writing during the Bronze Age (the first half of the
third millennium BC).
Jiroft historical site, which is located next to the Halilrood River in
the central province of Kerman, has been called “Archeologists’ Lost
Heaven”. Numerous ancient items and remains have been discovered there
during the last three years.
The inscription on the brick is not the first example of handwriting
found in Jiroft and some other evidence had previously been identified
among seal impressions, however, it is notable with respect to the
reassurance it gives experts concerning the existence of handwriting
The inscription is written on a brick, of which only the left corner and
two written lines remain. Enough to have archeologists categorize it as
an Elamite one, explained head of the Jiroft excavation team, Yusef
The most known Elamite manuscript is the inscription of In-Shushinak,
the Elamite King, which dates to the second millennium BC and has been
unearthed in the Susa diggings, Khuzestan, south of Iran. Meanwhile, the
oldest discovered handwriting is early Elamite dating to the third
Elamite manuscripts have previously been found in Susa, the Burnt City,
and some other ancient sites.
Majidzadeh and Holly Pittman, an ancient art professor at the University
of Pennsylvania working in Jiroft are optimist that further diggings
will lead to an understanding of the more ancient developments and maybe
the root of the newly discovered handwriting. It is not yet read, but
the archeologists say it is probably a building inscription or an
offering to the King.