of a residential fortress, which is an indication of a
large city once existing there around 3000 years ago, were
found in Kaluraz Hill, in the northern province of Gilan.
During the first season of archeological studies in the
Rostam Abad area of Gilan, experts discovered the remains
of a 3000-year-old fortress within the limits of land once
taken over by the Kadousi government, who lived in the
area today called Gilan in the first and second century BCE
several cemeteries that were discovered in the
archeological sites of Gilan, dating to the Iron Age (550-
1450 BC), no architectural traces of the time were
unearthed so far. Therefore, archeologists had concluded
that the residential buildings of the area were made of
decaying material such as wood.
But the newly discovered large city in the Kaluraz Hill
site can help uncover secrets of the architectural methods
of the area, besides providing evidence of the Kadousi
government and residence of the Iron Age people there,
head of the archeology team, Mohammadreza Khal’atbari,
Before the Iranian team started their work in the area
this season, Japanese archeologists had found some
architectural remains in another part of the Hill, but the
focus of their work was on studying the ancient cemetery
on the hillside where human remains of the Iron Age to
Parthian times were discovered.
Five strata have been found in the area, which indicate
that the site has seen to itself five settlement periods.
Moreover, the discovery of some walls connected in
90-degree angles is proof that architectural structures
once existed there.
According to Khal'atbari, the preliminary studies on the
potsherds found there show that the hill most probably
became residential in the 7th and 8th centuries BC and was
used as such until the Parthian times.
Other discoveries in the area include a cooking oven,
vents of large brick and clay ovens which reinforce the
idea of a large city once existing there.