architectural plan for a city in any ancient site
in the world, and particularly prehistoric sites,
has ever been observed until the Achaemenid era.
In fact, the sites had been small villages which
had grown into cities due to an increase of the
population, but the stratigraphy studies and
research carried out by Iranian and Italian
archaeologists indicate that this city had been
constructed based on preplanning with precise and
unique architecture,” Mansur Sajjadi added.
two kilometers from Qal'e-No village and about 44
kilometers from Zabol in
, the ancient city was identified by Italian
archaeologists in 1960. They could not find any
artifacts during several excavations from 1962 to
1965 but were satisfied with their architectural
studies of Dahaneh Gholaman. A group of major
monuments and some individual buildings were
discovered at the site, which covers an area of
120,000 square meters.
inhabitants and engineers of the time used all
their tools and facilities in the construction of
the city, and the large size of buildings
indicates the city had been an industrial city,”
Sajjadi said, adding that the city may be the only
Achaemenid site in which private residences are
adjacent to public and governmental buildings.
is no private house beside the royal buildings in
which is indicative of Achaemenid architecture,”
Achaemenids used architectural plans only in the
construction of palaces and important buildings in
, but the inhabitants of Dahaneh Gholaman even
used to prepare an architectural plan for the
construction of an alley or a very ordinary
house,” Sajjadi said.
in the 1960s indicated that the residents
abandoned the city about 200 years after it was
founded and may have relocated to present-day
. However, the reason for the planned abandonment
of Dahaneh Gholaman is still a mystery.
have surmised that the city was abandoned due to
an important political decision, a strong
sandstorm, or because the river which supplied
water for the inhabitants ran dry.
to Sajjadi, the best hypothesis to explain the
sudden migration is that the river ran dry.
is likely that one of the branches of the
, which supplied water to the city, ran dry for
some reason, and thus the people had to leave the
city, but this is not certain,” he said.
team of archaeologists is still trying to
determine why the people abandoned the city in
such a planned and systematic way.