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CAIS ARCHAEOLOGICAL & CULTURAL NEWS©

 

7000 Years Old Settlements Found in Boushehr

 

04 January 2005

 


Iranian and British archeologists working in Boushehr province, south of Iran, have discovered relics from the Chalcolithic era, which date the settlement areas of the Persian Gulf back to some 7000 years ago.

The joint team of Iranian archeologists and experts from the University of Durham, England, set out to find out more on the area in the prehistoric times, specially in the Calcolithic period, also known as the Eneolithic or Copper Age period. It is a phase in the development of human culture in which the use of early metal tools appeared alongside the use of stone tools.

According to head of the Iranian excavation team, Hassan Tofighian, the present project is focused on clarifying the situation of the area in the 5th or 6th millennium BC, while the previous works circled around the more recent times such as the Ilamid, Achaemenid, Sassanid and Islamic.

The presence of the team from the University of Durham, headed by Dr. Robert Carter, was crucial to the excavations, said Tofighian. They had similar previous experiences in Mesopotamia and the southern coastal regions of the Arabian countries of the Persian Gulf. They had specially discovered an historical site from the Calcolithic era in Kuwait coasts.

The most significant relics discovered in the excavation site in north part of Boushehr, south of Iran, which consists of 8 different areas, are beige-green terracotta comparable to the Abid 2nd and 3rd of Mesopotamia.

Some crocks have also been found among the discovery, which means the pottery were heated at the same place.

Other discovered items include stone polished blades in different sizes that were most probably used as agricultural tools. The experts therefore believe that the society has been an agricultural one, while that found by the Durham experts in Kuwait was one residing on fishing.

Tofighian considered the project really successful, adding that the detailed information would be provided in the joint report with the British delegation.

 

 

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