Iranian and British archeologists working in
Boushehr province, south of Iran, have discovered relics from the
Chalcolithic era, which date the settlement areas of the Persian Gulf
back to some 7000 years ago.
The joint team of Iranian archeologists and experts from the University
of Durham, England, set out to find out more on the area in the
prehistoric times, specially in the Calcolithic period, also known as
the Eneolithic or Copper Age period. It is a phase in the development of
human culture in which the use of early metal tools appeared alongside
the use of stone tools.
According to head of the Iranian excavation team, Hassan Tofighian, the
present project is focused on clarifying the situation of the area in
the 5th or 6th millennium BC, while the previous works circled around
the more recent times such as the Ilamid, Achaemenid, Sassanid and
The presence of the team from the University of Durham, headed by Dr.
Robert Carter, was crucial to the excavations, said Tofighian. They had
similar previous experiences in Mesopotamia and the southern coastal
regions of the Arabian countries of the Persian Gulf. They had specially
discovered an historical site from the Calcolithic era in Kuwait coasts.
The most significant relics discovered in the excavation site in north
part of Boushehr, south of Iran, which consists of 8 different areas,
are beige-green terracotta comparable to the Abid 2nd and 3rd of
Some crocks have also been found among the discovery, which means the
pottery were heated at the same place.
Other discovered items include stone polished blades in different sizes
that were most probably used as agricultural tools. The experts
therefore believe that the society has been an agricultural one, while
that found by the Durham experts in Kuwait was one residing on fishing.
Tofighian considered the project really successful, adding that the
detailed information would be provided in the joint report with the