The first ancient seal of Jiroft dating to some
5000 years ago was discovered by Iranian and international archeologists
working on the site. It is illustrated by the head of a goat turning to
Jiroft historical site, located in Kerman province, covers invaluable
items from the third millennium BC and is considered one of the most
important historical sites of the
world. More than 85 sites have so far been unearthed in a 400 km length
of Halil Roud River, leading the archeologists to compare the area to
that of the Mesopotamian civilization.
seal which was discovered at the end of the first week of the third
season of excavations near the governmental structures of the historical
site, is the first trading seal of Jiroft dating back to 5000 years ago.
"The seal, measuring 2x2 centimeters, is made of marble and works
like a stamp. Made with great art and technique, it is an indicator of
the business developments of the area some 5000 years ago," head of
the excavation team, Yusef Majidzadeh, told CHN.
Archeological studies reveal that ancient Iranians put the goods they
wanted to export in jars and covered them with mud and afterwards they
sealed them so that in case of robbery they could be traced.
During the two previous seasons of work, experts had found 25 seal
prints, but no seals. Holly Pittman, a professor of the Pennsylvanian
University, has been in charge of studying the seals and their remaining
prints. The studies have revealed the significance of the area in the
international trade 5000 years ago.
The third season of work in Jiroft started last week with more than 20
domestic and foreign experts from the United States and France taking
This week the archeologists also found 10 clay potteries, which include
50-centimeter jars and small potteries dating to 5000 years ago, with
inscriptions of animals and plants on them.