on the latest excavations in Tappe-Baladieh in
Khuzistan, southern Iran, this hill has been a
city in the 4th millennium BC, and Khuzistan has
begun its writing period simultaneously with Egypt
and Mesopotamia in Uruk period.
Uruk city comprising a period of its own is the
most important period in the history of mankind,
in that it marks the beginning of urbanization and
central governments. Owing to the development of
social relations, writing at first in the form of
images was invented.
“In our stratographical studies on the hill, we
came across a stratum dating back to the Uruk of
the 4th millennium BC that shows the Uruk
civilization and beginning of writing in Khuzistan
have been simultaneous with the development of
Mesopotamian civilization”, Abbas Alizadeh, head
of excavations in this region, told CHN.
Tappe-Baladieh covers an area of about 8 to 9
hectares. This extensive area shows that this hill
has been a residential area dating back to 7400 to
5000 years ago. “We have to do more research on
the data grasped in this area. We have not yet
been able to identify the precise form of
transition in this prehistoric city between 5500
and 5000 years BC,” said Alizadeh.
Tappe-Baladieh is one of the most ancient hills in
Khuzistan that has gone under archeological
excavations for the 1st time.