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5000-Year-Old Industrial Center Found in Jiroft


11 January 2005



Finding the first great industrial center belonging to the Halilrood civilization has confirmed the belief that big industrial workshops existed in Jiroft region and the inhabitants of the area some 5000 years ago were active in the mass production of ceramic, bronze, and stone works.

Jiroft historical site, located in Kerman province, covers invaluable items from the third millennium BC and is considered one of the most important historical sites of the world. More than 85 sites have so far been unearthed in a 400 km length of Halil Roud River, leading the archeologists to compare the area to that of the Mesopotamian civilization.

During archeological studies and unauthorized excavations in these sites, stone works and architectural remains belonging to the 3rd millennium BC have been unearthed.

“We have discovered the first industrial center of this civilization near Anbar-abad town, south of Jiroft that has provided us with evidence on the mass production of industrial products and their export to different regions 5000 years ago”, Davood Abian, head of archeological studies on Halil-rood civilization, told CHN.

In this industrial center that covers an area of over 30 thousand sq meters, archeologists have come across some evidence of pottery workshops, kilns, and marble vessels.

In addition to this center, 6 large graveyards have also been found in this region, each covering an area of about 240 sq meters, that bear testimony to the large population of this center, Abian said.

Halil-rood ancient sites are located between the towns of Jiroft, Anbar-abad, Kahnooj, and Baft in Kerman province. Archeologists have so far found over 120 ancient sites in an area of about 400 km on the banks of Halil-rood.

Another team of 20 Iranian and foreign experts are excavating these sites under the supervision of Yousef Majid-zadeh. This team found the first stone seal in this region last week. Majid-zadeh believes Jiroft findings show that this civilization has been more developed than Sumer and exported its products to Mesopotamia.



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