Work in Kumishan Cave, in the northern province of Mazandaran, to study
its archeological features and prepare it for public visit led to the
discovery of remains of 11000-year-old humans and super size animals.
Kumishan is one of the famous caves of Mazandaran which dates back to
the Paleolithic era, and the new discoveries indicate that it was then
used as a human habitation.
Work in the cave started two years ago and included digging boring pits
and stratigraphy studies, plus cleaning it up to prepare it for public
visits after a 16-year break, archeologist with the Cultural Heritage
and Tourism Department of Mazandaran, Ali Mahforouzi, told CHN.
Numerous human and animal remains were discovered during the
excavations, which were studied during the past months, added Mahforouzi.
Some of the bones belong to super size animals dating to the Paleolithic
era or 11000 years ago, and some belong to herbivorous ones such as wild
goats. Marjan Mashkour, the animal archeologist in charge of studying
the bones, believes that after being hunted, these animals were used as
food by the Paleolithic humans.
A large amount of tools, including chisels and hunting tools, were also
found in the cave. The tools seem to be created during the same time.
The excavations moreover led to the discovery of some pottery dating
back to the Neolithic era, or some 8000 years ago, which indicates that
people continued to use the cave as a residence up to then.
Mazandaran province, in the southern coastal line of the Caspian Sea,
enjoys several unique caves similar to Kumishan which are to be turned
into museums to attract tourists. Kumishan Cave will be ready for public
visits in two-month time, as said by Mahforouzi.