archaeologists found some clay items, shards, and ruins in their initial
studies, indicating that the city is as old as Sasanid cities in
Darehshahr and Seymareh (two other cities located in Ilam Province). The
studies also show that the city dates back to pre-Sasanid eras in the
lower strata,” Fereidun Mohammadi added.
ruins are in their natural undamaged state because the surrounding
mountains make the paths inaccessible. This condition allows the team easy
access to the information,” he noted.
this phase of their studies is completed, the team plans to excavate the
fact that it is located in the neighborhood of Mesopotamia increases the
significance of the archaeological work being conducted in Ilam Province.
archaeological studies were conducted on the ancient city in Gamgam until
the early 20th century when the French civil engineer, geologist, and
archaeologist Jacques de Morgan and a Belgian archaeologist excavated the
ruins. According to their traditions, the local people used to consider
the excavation of ruins and cemeteries indecent.
Morgan believed that the city was Madaktu, the political capital of Elam
for a time in the Neo-Elamite period. This news drew experts as well as
smugglers into the region.
later, some Iranian and foreign archaeologists rejected de Morgan’s
theory and stated that the site was a city named Mehrjan Qazaq, which they
said dated back to the Sasanid and post-Sasanid eras.