team found the shards during operations conducted to save the site from
being destroyed by farming activities,” Mahnaz Sharifi added.
10 kilometers north of Behbahan in eastern Khuzestan Province, Arjan
contains many ancient mounds which are believed to be various sections of
an Elamite city.
plow the ground in Arjan, destroying the ancient site. A cluster of shards
bearing unique motifs and inscriptions can be seen scattered on the
ground,” Behbahan Cultural Heritage and Tourism Office expert Farzad
Mesbah said. Agricultural officials of Behbahan gave the land to the
farmers have said that they will continue working on the land, but
Khuzestan cultural officials have filed a lawsuit against the farmers, in
an attempt to solve the problem through the judicial process,” said
Saeid Mohammadpur, an official of the Khuzestan Cultural Heritage and
1983, the first bronze coffin ever found in Iran, was discovered in Arjan.
The U-shaped coffin contained a large inscribed golden ring, 98 bracteate
coins, a dagger, some textile fragments, and a silver rod, which came from
the treasury of the Elamite king Kidin-Hutran.
plan to conduct additional research on the newly discovered shards in
order to learn why the swastika motif was used.
thousands of years, it has been used in ancient Iranian culture as a
symbol of the revolving sun (Garduneh-e Khorshid), Mithra's
Wheel (Garduneh-e Mehr), fire, infinity, or continuing recreation.
The oldest representation of this motif was found in Khuzestan province in
1020s, dated back to 5000 BC.
swastika has also been important in Eastern religions; to Buddhists, it
represents resignation; to Jains, it represents their seventh saint; and
to Hindus, a swastika with arms bent to the left represents night, magic,
and the destructive goddess Kali.Also
the motif were used as a decorative motif in the Americas, China, Egypt,
Greece, and Scandinavia. Swastikas have been found in the catacombs of
Rome, on textiles of the Inca period, and on relics unearthed at the site
the mid-20th century in Germany, a swastika with arms bent to the right
became the symbol of the Nazi Party. Some members of the German Free
Corps, who later formed the nucleus of the early Nazi Party, are believed
to have brought the swastika to Germany from Finland and Estonia, where it
had been an official and decorative emblem.
March 1933, a few weeks after the ascent of Adolf Hitler to power in
Germany, the swastika flag flew side by side with the German national
colors. From September 1935 until the downfall of the Nazi regime in 1945,
the swastika flag was the official flag of the Third Reich and was
prominently displayed. The swastika is still used as a symbol by
supremacist and separatist hate groups.