stony podiums near Sarem cemetery, a 3
thousand-year graveyard in Qom, led to belief that
these podiums were actually altars in which
sacrifice and religious rituals were practiced.
Existence of these altars proves that the cemetery
was limited to burial of noble people.
Discoveries of numerous ancient sites in Qom which
date back to Iron Age (2550 to 3500 years ago)
indicate the concentration of tribes of the era in
Spotting several archeological sites in
Shamshirgah last year led to discovery of more
than 30 ancient sites that are probably the center
of Bronze civilization.
“The podiums which were found in Shalmut (B)
archaeological site are in the vicinity of the 3
thousand-year-old Sarem cemetery. The podiums are
comparable to brick podium of Qoli Darvish and
Sialk structures, except that the mentioned
structures were political-memorial but the one in
Qom is religious-memorial” said Mehrdad
Malekzadeh, the head of archeological studies in
“The podiums which were probably altars,”
added Malekzadeh, “were used for performing
The recent excavations led to discoveries of
unique tombs that might belong to nobles.
Malekzadeh believes that the podiums can be
compared to what Herodotus described in his book
as Persian altars for burial rituals.
The presence of stony castle of Shamshirgah as a
habitation, Shalmut great cemetery, and a smaller
graveyard which dedicated to noble people shows
the concentration of Iron Age civilization in the
region, a rare case in Iran.