Oil Ministry constructed the factory without asking the Cultural Heritage
and Tourism Organization (CHTO) for permission, so the factory is in
violation of the regulations of the organization,” CHTO official
Mohammad-Hassan Mohebali said.
experts recently submitted the dossier of the site to UNESCO to register
it on the World Heritage List. A number of experts of the International
Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) will soon travel to
to survey the dossier, but CHTO officials are concerned that ICOMOS will
reject the application due to the proximity of the petrochemical factory.
30 kilometers east of the provincial capital city of
, Bistun contains a number of unique ancient sites from the Median,
Parthian, Seleucid, Achaemenid, and Sassanid eras.
Bistun Inscription, probably the most important monument of the site, is a
trilingual statement of Darius I in Old Persian, Elamite, and Babylonian.
The inscription, which is approximately 15 meters in height and 25 meters
in width, is located on a relatively inaccessible cliff 100 meters above
an ancient road connecting the capitals of
. However, the site can easily be viewed from below.
is said that Darius ordered the inscription carved on the inaccessible
cliff so that it would stand the test of time.
inscription bears a life-sized bas-relief of Darius, two servants, and ten
one-meter figures representing conquered peoples, with the god Ahura Mazda
floating above, giving his blessing to the king. One figure appears to
have been added after the others were completed, as was (oddly enough)
Darius' beard, which is a separate block of stone attached with iron pins