The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
An Iranian archaeologist has rejected the theory describing the Achaemenid era monument Zoroaster’s Kaba as an ancient government archive, saying that the monument is the world’s most unique cylindrical and astronomical building.
the end of Shahrivar (the sixth month of the Iranian calendar, August
23-September 22) we can determine exactly the day of the month by the
light shed by the sun on Zoroaster’s Kaba. It has been used for daily
needs, determining the time of cultivating crops, and collecting taxes,”
Reza Moradi Ghiasabadi explained.
Kaba is located beside the Achaemenid dynastic era Naqsh-e
Rustam monument, just a few kilometers from Persepolis
in Fars Province. The inner room of Zoroaster’s Kaba is 2.5 x 2.5 meters
realize the fact that the building had not been a center for storing
governmental documents and books only requires that you enter the
monument. You will grasp that such a small building could not be used as a
center for documents of a great empire like the Achaemenid dynasty,”
foreign astronomers recently visited and photographed the monument and
they are currently studying it due to my theory,” he said.
cultural officials pay no heed to the new theories posed by Iranian
researchers. For example, if it’s said that the statue of Shapur I has
been discovered at Bistun, they will go there to see the artifact, asking
for no proof of its accuracy, but my or my colleagues’ research, which
has no visual evidence, is not considered,” he complained.
are various theories on the original purpose of Zoroaster’s Kaba. Some
experts believe that the monument was the home of a complete copy of the
Avesta which had been written on 12,000 cows’ skins. Some Orientalists
also believe that Zoroaster’s Kaba was a place where the Zoroastrians’
sacred fire was kept burning eternally.
number of other researchers say that the monument is the tomb of Smerdis,
the son of Cyrus
the Great, who according to Greek sources was murdered by his brother
Cambyses (530–522 BCE).
Kaba bears a Sassanid era inscription explaining the historical events
during the reign of the Sasanid Emperor Shapur I (241-272 CE).
trilingual inscription, written in the Sassanid and Parthian dialects of
Middle Persian and ancient Greek, describes the war between Persia and
Rome in which Shapur I defeated the Roman emperor Valerian, who was
captured in June 260 and died in captivity.
scholars have named the inscription “Res Gelase Divi Saporis” (The
Book of Deeds of the Emperor Shapur).
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