Iranian Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization
(ICHTO) is legally and diplomatically trying to
return Iranian jewelry smuggled to Pakistan which
experts assess as invaluable as those kept today
in Golestan Palace, Tehran.
Two cases are now taken to Pakistan courts
involving the return of a jewelry collection
similar to other Imperial Iranian ones and a
mummy and its cask.
During the last 21 years, Iran has had three legal
cases in Pakistan courts to return its
cultural-historical heritage back home. One of the
cases has been resolved and the items have been
returned to the country. No final verdict has been
reached for the other two cases and today the
Iranian government is attempting once more to
resolve the cases legally and diplomatically.
The successful case involved 34 antiquities and
was closed in 1984 resulting in the handing of the
pieces to the legal department of the ICHTO.
One of the other cases which is underway in a
Lahore court involves some jewelry smuggled to
Pakistan by an Iranian. The Pakistan customs did
not identify the objects as historically or
culturally valuable, but the Iranian government
handed in a complaint demanding for a further
analysis of the collection by Iranian experts.
to their report, with regard to their quality, the
pieces are comparable to that of the Imperial
jewelry stolen from Iran’s Palaces at the time
of the 1979 Revolution, and they are as invaluable
as those kept today in Golestan Palace.
The third case involves the return to Iran of a
cask and its mummy which were found in Koweite
city of Pakistan in 2000. At the time, upon the
request of the ICHTO and cooperation of the
Iranian Foreign Ministry, a team of
archaeologists, linguists, and legal experts
traveled to Pakistan to study the find. They
announced the cask fake, but however, since the
pieces were created in Iran and exports of art
works are illegal, Iran demanded for their return
to the country and their being handed to the