of residents of Memourin Tepe, dating to the Iron
Age, are still identifiable on the plaster covered
walls of their houses which date back to some
Mamourin Tepe was discovered in 1989 during road
construction of the newly-launched International
airport near Tehran. According to head of the
excavation team of the site, Jafar Mehr Kian,
Mamourin Tepe and its surrounding areas cover a
13-hectare land and have undergone excavations for
some 10 years, during which historical remains and
artifacts have been unearthed, and the site has
been studied from anthropology, zoolo-archaeology,
and history points of view.
One of the key discoveries of archaeologists
working in Mamourin Tepe has been the discovery of
architectural structures dating to 3200 years ago.
These structures are not only considerable due to
their being ancient, but also to their belonging
to the Iron Age humans, whose architecture has so
far been unknown. Moreover, remains of gray
ceramics were unearthed from residential
structures of the Iron Age. Other samples of such
ceramics were previously found in historical
The houses found in Mamourin Tepe enjoy specific
features, for example the walls are covered with
several, sometimes up to 24, layers, which
according to Mehr Kian, are evidence of the social
changes and events such as birthdays, New Year,
and other happy ceremonies celebrated by people of
“The numerous white plaster layers of the walls
are proof of a high birth and marriage rate, and
the significance of cleanliness and decorations
for the people. The plaster covering layers
moreover helped protect the house and its clay
materials from termites and other harmful insects.
They also show that people had a prosperous
comfortable life,” explained Mehr Kian.
Since the Iron Age people covered the walls with
plaster using their hands and some bushes, their
fingerprints are still visible on remains of walls
discovered in Mamourin site.
The architectural remains also prove that
residents of the area had an ecological knowledge.
The doors that open toward the strong winds of the
area are located at the end of roofless hallways
or short alleys that decreased the pressure of the
Experts are hoping to help save the ancient site
that has stood the test of time and reveal more of
its secret with launching proper preservation