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Sasanid City Turned into Garbage Dump


10 March 2005



The Sasanid dynasty city Eyvan-e Karkheh has been turned into a garbage dump, an official of the Shush Cultural Heritage and Tourism Office announced on Wednesday.

“The ancient site is negligently used for dumping rubbish. It is not clear if the people are responsible or the local municipality, but no doubt the ancient city has been recklessly abandoned and its future prospects are bleak,” added Hamid Fadaii, who is the director of the workshop for the restoration of Elamite artworks of Haft-Tappeh and Chogha Zanbil.

Built of brick, Eyvan-e Karkheh is the ruins of a great palace with a large hall for imperial ceremonies which dates back to the Sasanid dynasty (224-651C.E.). It is located near Susa, the capital of the Elamite Empire (2700-645 B.C.), in Iran’s southwestern province of Khuzestan. Shush is the modern Persian name for Susa.

According to Fadaii, 100 hectares of the site has been used by agriculture students for scientific studies. In related news, last August, Mahdi Qanbari, the director of the Shush Cultural Heritage and Tourism Office, announced that the local municipality was secretly dumping rubbish at the ruins of Susa at night.

Susa was an important and flourishing city in ancient times. It is also mentioned in the Old Testament as one of the places where the Prophet Daniel lived. His tomb is located in the heart of the city. A stela of the Code of Hammurabi was discovered at Susa in 1901 by the French Orientalist Jean-Vincent Scheil and is now on display in the Louvre Museum in Paris. In addition, many other important artifacts have been unearthed at the site.

“As the situation becomes more and more difficult for the ancient city, cultural heritage officials of Shush have not been able to safeguard the site,” Fadaii lamented.




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