and paleontology studies on a graveyard dating to
2800 years ago in Lafourak of Mazandaran, north of
Iran, led to the identification of three unique
tombs among a group of 15.
Lafourak village is part of Savad Kouh area of
Mazandaran. Excavations in the graveyard located
next to the village have dated it to the late Iron
Age, to 2800 years ago.
Archaeologists are carrying out new excavations
and paleontology studies in the area to identify
and save the ancient remains behind the Alborz Dam
before it is flooded. Unique tombs with a type of
human skeleton never found before in any other
part of Iran, have been identified there.
Of the 15 tombs opened in the graveyard, three
tombs have been found which are different from the
rest. The tombs belong to a type of humans no more
living in the northern provinces of Gilan and
Mazandaran, a paleontologist with the Iranian
Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization (ICHTO),
Farzad Forouzanfar, told CHN.
All the tombs found in Lafourak include skeletons
buried either in fetus positions or to their
sides, but the three different ones include
skeletons on their backs covered with clay.
Moreover, the race of these three skeletons is
different than the other ones. As a result,
Forouzanfar believes they have been immigrants to
the area buried according to their own traditions
after death. More studies are needed to find out
“Since no other remains of such skulls have been
found in any other part of Gilan and Mazandaran,
it is believed that the people have emigrated out
of the province to either other parts of Iran or
to other countries,” said Forouzanfar. Samples
of such skulls are not so far identified in other
parts of Iran, and according to Forouzanfar, more
detailed comparisons are needed to be carried out
between the previously discovered bones elsewhere
and the new ones.