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New Reservoir Dam Project Threatened Sasanid Dam


News Category: Cultural Disaster

 06 November 2005



Jarreh_dam.jpg (79337 bytes)Following the construction of a reservoir dam in Ramhormuz, Khuzestan province, the historical dam of ’Jareh’ has come under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Energy, reported ISNA.

Announcing this, director of Cultural Heritage and Tourism Department in Ramhormoz, Fardin Bigdeli said that the historical Jareh Dam is located 35 km northwest of Ramhormoz in a narrow valley over Zard (yellow) River.

The dam was built during the Sasanid dynastic era (224-651 CE) when architects had advanced knowledge about constructing the infrastructure for supplying water for irrigation and drinking.
The canals which led to the historical dam used to provide water to farmlands in the area.

The height of the dam is 19 meters while its crest is 80 meters high and its width is tapered from 10 meters to three meters from the base upward.

Jarreh_dam1.jpg (65649 bytes)“The unique location of the dam is one of its advantages. In fact, climatic and geographic conditions has kept the dam operational despite its 1,600-year history,“ added Bigdeli.

He told ISNA Persian Service that the Ministry of Energy has modeled the new dam on the basis of the historical dam of Jareh.

The official expressed concern about the future of the Sasanid dam and said that construction of the new dam at the same area has posed a threat to the maintenance of Jareh dam which was registered with Iran’s Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization (ICHTO) as a cultural heritage site.

“Unfortunately, the ancient dam will be submerged once the newly-built dam is filled with water and in several years from now, you will need submersible devices to see the Sasanid dam,“ he said.

Jarreh_dam2.jpg (87409 bytes)People living in the area have called for salvaging the ancient dam and possible measures to be adopted by Ministry of Energy to prevent the submersion of the Sasanid dam which served to irrigate their farmlands for the past 1,600 years.

Bigdeli criticized the Ministry of Energy for preventing experts of ICHTO from taking photos, films and slides from the ancient dam.

“ICHTO is ready to do what it can to salvage the Sasanid dam,“ he said.


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