the start of the first season of archeological excavations
in Kaluraz Tepe in Gilan province, some architectural
remains belonging to the Parthian period were discovered
in this historical site.
Discovery of the architectural evidence in Gilan province
has always been a concern of the excavators’. Therefore
the discovery of architectural evidence in the Kaluraz
Tepe of Rostam Abad, for the first time in a
stratographied wall, has a special significance for
archaeologists. Based on the evidence from this wall, a
program has been implemented by the Archaeological
Research Center to identify the ancient architecture in
“Following the implementation of the approved programs
by the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization of Iran
and after last year’s stratographies and identification
of architectural layers in this historical hill, the first
season of excavation in this historical site have started
since 27th of October 2005 and is still going on,” says
Mohammad Reza Khalatbari, head of the excavation team in
historical site of Kaluraz Tepe in Gilan province.
“Following the initial measures and providing the
topographic map of the region, the first phase started and
within the first step we reached to an earthen wall. We
are still continuing excavations to discover the rest of
the wall, and we hope to be able to recover the whole wall
completely,” added Khalatbari.
Referring to previous excavations, Khalatbari says that
there was a continuous life in the region from the Iron
Age to the Parthian era, and then it became abundant.
Therefore it is supposed that the discovered wall belongs
to the Parthian era.
Until now all the stratigraphies in the walls of Gilan
province were done horizontally in order to determine the
perimeters of the ancient cemeteries. Kaluraz Tepe is the
first historical site in Gilan province, in which
archaeologists could create a vertical stratographied wall
and study different archaeological layers in it.
During the archaeological excavations in this historical
site last year, some aspects of the mysteries of this hill
was revealed that most probably there was a time when the
hill was an aristocratic residency.
If archaeologists discover more architectural evidence in
the site, it will help to uncover secrets of the
architectural methods of the area, besides providing
evidence of the Kadousi government and residence of the
Iron Age people there.
Gilan is one of the provinces of Iran located in
south-west of Caspian Sea in north of Iran, known during
ancient times as part of Hyrcania.
Archaeological excavations reveal the antiquity of the
province of the province to date back to prior to the last
Ice Age. In the 6th century before the Christ, the
inhabitants of Gilan allied with Cyrus the Great and
overthrew the Medes. The province then passed from the
control of one dynasty to the next.
Remains of a residential fortress, which is an indication
of a large city once existing there around 3000 years ago,
were found in Kaluraz Tepe.