In the continuation of Iranian-Italian archaeologists’
team excavations in 2 areas of Bolaghi Gorge, 30 rural
houses have been identified in a village dating back to
the Achaemenid era.
Getting closer to the time of the Sivand Dam flooding,
archaeological excavations in Bolaghi Gorge have been
speeded up as well, which have resulted in some
considerable findings so far.
During last year’s excavations by Iranian-Italian team
in a part of Bolaghi Gorge located near the dam, they
succeeded in finding the remains of a village belonging to
Achaemenid era. Due to inappropriate weather conditions in
the region, the excavations were postponed to this year,
and the second season of excavations led to marvellous
“With the end of the 40-day excavations in the No. 76
and 77 areas, some valuable results were reached. During
this season of excavations with the aid of new
archaeological methods such as geophysics, we succeeded in
discovering about 30 rooms or houses in a village
belonging to Achaemenid era,” says Alireza Asgari, head
of Iran’s excavation team in Bolaghi Gorge.
“It is the first time such a discovery has been made in
the history of Iran’s archaeology. Previous to this, our
knowledge was limited to the castles and famous monuments
of Achaemenid era, and we did not know much about the
rural architecture of Achaemenid era,” added Asgari.
About the social classes in the ancient village, he
explained, “The discovered evidence indicates that the
people in this region enjoyed an appropriate economy.
Within the second season of excavations we reached to a
marble bowl that could be an evidence of a comfortable
life for the inhabitants of the village.”
Previous to this Iranian-Italian archaeologists discovered
8,000 clay pieces and a very big clay dish, so that they
concluded that the people of the region enjoyed a good
economy during Achaemenid era.
“The discovered evidence during this season of
excavations indicates that there must have been a
continual life in the village during Achaemenid era. Some
stone beads of spinning wheel which is a proof of waving
in this village during ancient time, a marble bowl, a
bronze clip, ornamental beads, stone blades of a mill, an
arrow head, and a shield belonging to the Achaemenid era
are the articles found during excavations,” explains
Asgari, believing that these evidence shows a special
quality of living in the village, which indicates that the
Achaemenid kings devoted a special attention towards the
villages in the extent of their domain.
The 18-kilometer Bolaghi Gorge is located 9 kilometers
from the World Heritage Site of Pasargadae in Fars
province. Some experts believe that the site has been the
location of the major ancient road of Iran, Kings’ Road,
built by the order of Darius, the Achaemenid king.
Bolaghi Gorge will sink because of the watering of Sivand
Dam. The salvation project in Bolaghi Gorge started with
the engagement of 8 international archaeology teams more
than one year ago.
In early 2003, 10 years after the construction of Sivand
Dam started on the location of the ancient King Road, a
team of experts from the Parse-Pasargadae Research Center
was sent to study the site. They found out that the
Bolaghi Gorge was not only the bed of the King Road but
also the land in which numerous monuments and artifacts
Day-in-day-out excavations in every inch of the site all
through the year and the domestic and international
efforts in King Road have made the project a global one,
which represents the crucial importance of the site and
its Achaemenid artifacts.