from Lyon and Toronto Universities have asked to carry out
excavations in the ancient caves of Mazandaran province in
Previous studies and excavations in the caves indicate
that human settlement in Mazandaran province dates back to
40,000 years ago.
Mazandaran province, in the southern coastal line of the
Caspian Sea, enjoys several unique caves such as Kushiman.
Mazandaran is one of the most historical provinces of
Iran, the inhabitants of which have lived in urbanized
societies from the 5th millennium BC. Until now a lot of
mysteries of the 5,000-year-old life of the people of the
region have been revealed.
“We are determined to start digging archaeological
boring pits in the historical Kumishan cave. The cave has
undergone excavations both before and after the
revolution, but none of them were systematic,” said Ali
Mahforouzi, head of research center of the historical
caves of Mazandaran province.
“Professor Grieg from University of Toronto in Canada,
and Professor Lindz from Lyon University in France have
asked for cooperation in digging boring pits in Kumishan
cave in this respect,” added Mahforouzi.
According to Mahforouzi, since during the excavations,
stratigraphy studies have also been carried out, the
upcoming season of excavations of Kushiman cave is very
The request of the Canadian and French archaeologists for
taking part in the excavations of Kushiman cave has been
submitted to the ICHTO Archaeology Research Center,
however, their presence is not yet confirmed.
“Archaeological excavations of Gohar Tepe have just been
finished, therefore it is still too soon to start the
archaeological excavations in Kumishan cave, but in an
appropriate time we will restart the work,” explained
Mazandaran caves including Kumishan, Kamarband, and Hoto
are the most important historical caves of the country, in
which some evidence of cave dwelling human beings have
been discovered. No comprehensive archaeological
excavations have been carried out on these caves so far.
Kumishan is one of the famous caves of Mazandaran which
dates back to the Palaeolithic era and the new discoveries
indicate that it was then used as a human habitation.