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60 Historical Villages in Tehran Identified


News Category: Pre-Islamic & Islamic Periods

 20 November 2005



The Silk Road was constructed during the reign of the Achaemenid [1] dynasty and was known at the time as ’Rah-e Shahi (The Imperial Road).

Given the advantage of having access to the main road, several villages emerged along this historical route, reported CHN.


More than 60 such villages are located in Tehran’s 19th and 20th municipality districts which extends from Qal-e Morghi to Hassan-abad and covers an area of 111 hectares. Some of the villages belong to the prehistoric era while others go back to the pre-Islamic period.

Though some of the villages are in ruins, several of them have survived and are still inhabited.

According to a sociologist Vahid Kalhor, who is involved in research studies on the history of Rey, the villages date back to the pre-Islamic era.

“The Silk Road was built on the order of the first Emperor of the Achaemenid dynasty. It began from the village of Khalariz and was projected to facilitate the transportation of goods to southern Iran. It was later renamed Rah-e Shahi and was paved by cobblestones during the Sassanid dynastic era,“ said Kalhor.

An expert of Iran’s Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization (ICHTO), Khosrow Pour-Bakhshandeh, who was in charge of Rey studies, said that there are more than 60 villages in Tehran province whose archeological potentials have largely gone unnoticed by the general public.

These villages include Chal-Tarkhan which possesses cultural heritage from the 9th to 12th centuries. There are numerous stucco designs in buildings located in these villages which are currently being maintained at an Italian museum.

The cultural heritages of these villages have been plundered by smugglers.

Pour-Bakhshandeh said that the villages have mud-brick structures which should be registered by ICHTO.

As cases in point, he cited the village of Khomar-abad and a mound by the same name in that village dating back to the first millennium and the village of Shams-abad and a mound by the same name dating back to Arsacid or Sassanid dynastic eras.

He said that some of the villages in Tehran province are from the post-Islamic era. They hold many symbols from different periods of Iranian history.

Deputy Mayor of Tehran Municipality’s District 19 for cultural affairs Reza Rezanejad said that there are many villages in the district which have maintained their historical identities. He citing Ali Abad Qajar and Abdol Abad as examples but added that the mud-brick domes of mosques have been destroyed and their walls have also collapsed.

“Some villages dating back to the Iron Age such as Mamourin, located in the vicinity of newly constructed Tehran International Airport, has completely been destroyed and only a historical mound remains from the village.


Cultural heritage being unearthed from the village are being maintained at a warehouse of the new Airport,“ Reza-nejad concluded.


[1] CAIS Correction with thanks to Ms. Gougouli Farmanfarmaian: Silk Road did not start until the Parthian dynastic era, to be precise 105 BCE.


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Source: CHN




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