the 5th season of archaeological excavations in the
historical site of Dahan-e Gholaman, archaeologists dug up
8 residential areas, consisting of rooms, and tower-shaped
cubbyholes dating back to the Achaemenid dynastic era.
Dahan-e Gholaman was discovered in 1960 by Italian
archaeologists near Zabol city. Historical site of Dahan-e
Gholaman that dates back to the Achaemenid dynasty is
located in the north of Zahedan the provincial capital of
Sistan va Baluchestan near the border of Iran and
Gholaman is one of the very few known Achaemenid sites
with a religious complex. It consists of buildings set up
on high lands, above agricultural lands, so that the
houses would be protected against the threatening seasonal
floods of Hirmand River.
“At the beginning of the excavations, we succeeded to
open 4 workshops in this Achaemenid city. Continuing the
excavations in the central yard of one of these workshops
was followed by the discovery of 3 residential areas. The
discovery of three rooms which most probably had an
industrial use was the initial result of these
excavations,” said Mansour Sajadi, head of the
excavation team in the Burnt City and Dahan-e Gholaman.
The city includes 27 notable buildings such as a religious
and an industrial one, and some residential ones,
considered one of the major capitals and industrial
centers of the Achaemenid times.
“We believe that some kinds of oil seeds were ground and
their oil was extracted in these rooms. The oil was used
for cooking and for religious ceremonies,” added Sajadi.
Dahan-e Gholaman temple stands near these rooms, which is
why archaeologists believe that the oil provided in these
rooms, might have been used in religious ceremonies.
“In one of the other workshops of this Achaemenid city
the remains of a room have been unearthed, which there are
four tower shaped cubbyholes in each corner of it. But
more studies are still needed to determine the exact use
of these areas,” explained Sajjadi.
One of the most important characteristics of this city is
that the architecture of the city indicates that unlike
other ancient sites. Dahan-e Gholaman was built based on
The city is 1500 in 800 meters area, but archaeologists
believe that it was one larger, with some parts destroyed
and worn out due to sand storms and passage of time.
Dahan-e Gholaman is the second important historical site
of Sistan va Baluchestan province, belonging to the
Achaemenid dynastic era. The city was once one of the most
important centers and one of the capitals of the