almost entirely destroyed two ancient tepes in
Susa, Khuzestan Province while they were plowing
the site for cultivation, the Persian service of
the Cultural Heritage News (CHN) agency reported
site had initially been excavated by a team of Iranian archaeologists and
some experts from the University of Chicago in 2002 and 2003. They
believed the site dated back to 5000 BC,” Abdorreza Peymani, an official
of the Khuzestan Cultural Heritage and Tourism Department (KCHTD) said.
the present time, agricultural operations have been halted at the site and
the KCHTD has filed a lawsuit against the private owner of the land,” he
(Biblical Shushan, modern Shush) was an ancient city of the Elamite,
Persian, and Parthian empires of Iran, located about 150 miles east of the
Tigris River in Khuzestan Province of Iran. As well as being an
archaeological site, Susa is also mentioned in the Old Testament as one of
the places where the Prophet Daniel (AS) lived. His tomb is located in the
heart of the city.
is one of the oldest known settlements of the region, probably founded
about 4000 BC, though the first traces of an inhabited village date back
to 7000 BC. Evidence of a painted pottery civilization dates back to 5000
BC. In historic times, it was the capital of the Elamite Empire. Its name
originates from their language; it was written variously (Shushan, Shushun
etc.) and was apparently pronounced Susan. Shushan was invaded by both
Babylonian empires as well as the Assyrian Empire in violent campaigns.
After the Babylonian conquest, the name was misunderstood to be connected
with the Semitic word Shushan, “lily”.
it has the most ancient sites and monuments in the country, Khuzestan is
considered the heart of Iran’s archaeology. However, its archaeological
sites have been excavated by smugglers 83 times over the past 15 months,
making Khuzestan Iran’s most illegally excavated province.