statuettes unearthed at this site indicate that a kind of religious
thought was also dominant in the region during the first millennium BC.
Despite the fact that abstract art was common in the region in this
period, we clearly see a kind of realism and naturalism in these
artifacts,” Ali Mahforuzi added.
an area 40 hectares, Gohar-Tappeh is located near Behshahr in the northern
Iranian province of Mazandaran. Archaeologists believe that the large
extent of the site shows the region had been very developed in trade and
competed with neighboring areas.
announced last week that the team had discovered a number of bull
statuettes, although most were broken into fragments. They surmised that
the artifacts date back to about 1000 BC and were used for religious
of the statuettes is intact. Its very realistic shape shows the expertise
of its creator. The statuette has been baked very well and burnished,
probably with a piece of cloth-like material, in order to give it a
sparkling surface,” Mahforuzi explained.
skill used in the depiction of poses in the statuette is very
impressive,” he added.
statuette is bigger than other bull figures discovered at the site. Due to
its size and the proficiency used in the creation of the statuette,
archaeologists believe that it was made on special order for an
bulls, called Verza and Junika in the dialect of Mazandaran, are still
recognized as symbols of struggle and fecundity by the locals.
and other artifacts unearthed in the region indicate that the site dates
back to the Iron Age, but further study is required to determine which era
of the Iron Age.
is one of Iran’s archaeological poles. Studies show that the region has
been inhabited for over 400,000 years. Urbanization is thought to have
developed in the region some time around 3000 BC, and the new finds at the
Gohar-Tappeh provide further evidence for this theory. The excavations,
which aim to determine the style of urbanization of the site, will
continue until late November.
poverty and the lack of guards have caused a rise in illegal excavations
of Mazandaran’s ancient sites.
had previously said that there are over 100,000 illegal excavation holes
in the province which are frequently plundered by smugglers.