Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
& CULTURAL NEWS
Battle of Issus Mosaic Returns to Pompeii
famed Alexander Mosaic has been recreated in the
heart of the buried city's largest villa .
The mosaic, perhaps the most famous in the ancient
world, shows the Macedonian warlord leading the
decisive charge against Emperor Darius III of
Achaemenid dynasty at the Battle of Gaugamela in
331 BC .
A copy has now been meticulously assembled by
modern mosaic craftsmen in Ravenna and placed in
its original location in the exedra or courtyard
of the House of the Faun .
The huge work - 5.84 by 3.17 meters - is now
housed in the National Archaeological Museum in
Naples along with other treasures from the House .
It is believed to be a copy of a famous painting
by the fourth century BC Greek painter Philossenos.
The million and a half tiles or tesserae were
reproduced using stones similar to the original
They were cut by a special machine in Ravenna and
then hand-worked to hone the stone to tesserae of
a millimetre and half. The House of the Faun
covers 3,000 square metres, an entire city block .
It takes its name from an impish statue at its
entrance, now also in Naples and replaced by a
copy. The villa's grandeur and elegance is
superior to all the other buildings in Pompeii,
which was laid waste - but also preserved - by hot
ash from an eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD .
is the Light on the Path to Future"
British Institute of Persian Studies