Sivand Dam is scheduled to come on stream in March 2006, flooding some
very significant ancient sites located in Tang-e Bolaghi, situated only
four kilometers away from Pasargadae, the first capital of the Achaemenid
dynasty (about 550-331 BC) and the residence of Cyrus the Great.
believe that even the mausoleum of Cyrus the Great will be at risk.
Pasargadae was registered on UNESCO’s World Heritage List last year.
high moisture, which will be created by the lake of the Sivand Dam, is the
only threatening element for Pasargadae and will seriously damage the
monument and nearby sites. Nothing can prevent them from being damaged,”
the director of the Parseh and Pasargadae Research Foundation said.
plan to carry out some study projects to determine the extent of bad
effects of the filling of the dam’s reservoir. One of the projects is
installation of hygrometers in order to modify the level of the dam’s
water based on the extent of moisture in the air,” Mohammad-Hassan
Talebian he added.
the other experts, he believes the level of the reservoir’s water will
effectively increase the moisture in the air.
is no hope to prevent the bad effects of the humid air and we are waiting
for some probable proposal from the managers of the dam construction
project to decrease the negative consequences,” Talebian lamented.
trees, which have naturally grown in the region, will be flooded by the
Sivand Dam. Thus, the dam project authorities should compensate for the
loss instead of implementing an arboriculture project,” he added.
trees’ evaporation process would increase humidity in the air and could
raise the rainfall level over the long term, seriously damaging the
monuments and ancient sites. Planting trees will never be effective for
reduction of humidity,” forestation expert Kazem Nosrati said.
of the dam project may intend to reduce moisture in the soil, but
forestation is not the answer,” environmentalist Esmaeil Kahrom said,
adding that trees absorb moisture from the soil and return it to the air.
This process doubles the humidity, harming ancient ruins and monuments.
of Italian, French, Polish, German, Australian, and Japanese
archaeologists have been assigned to save 129 ancient sites at Tang-e
Bolaghi, which also contains sites from the Neolithic and Paleolithic
periods, the early, middle, and late Elamite era (2700-645 BC)and the
Sassanid period (224-651 CE).