skeletons have previously been discovered at the site, but this one
is more important because of the pendant found with the child in the
grave. The artifacts discovered near the skeleton show that the
child lived some time around 1000 BC,” Ali Mahforuzi told the
Persian service of the Cultural Heritage News (CHN) agency.
proximity of the ruins of architectural structures and a cemetery
indicates that Gohar-Tappeh was a permanent settlement millennia
an area of 40 hectares, Gohar-Tappeh is located near Behshahr in the
. Ruins and other artifacts unearthed in the region indicate that
the site dates back to the Iron Age, but further study is required
to determine its specific period during the Iron Age.
believe that the large extent of the site implies that the region
had been very developed in trade and competed with neighboring
shape of the pendant shows that some ritual beliefs were common in
the region, but we don’t know which part of the inhabitants’
beliefs the horn pedant relates to. For this is the only artifact
ever found in a grave. Thus, whatever the beliefs were, it seems
that only a small group of people practiced them,” Mahforuzi said.
similar pendant which dates back to the late Bronze Age had
previously been discovered at the Hessar Tepe near Damghan in the
on the fact that a number of bull statuettes were recently
discovered at Gohar-Tappeh, Mahforuzi said, “Due to the distance
between the places where the bull statuettes were found and the
child’s grave, we believe that the two discoveries are not related
to each other. However, further study is required to formulate a
more consistent theory.”
September 27, Mahforuzi announced that his team had discovered a
number of bull statuettes, although most were broken into pieces.
They surmised that the artifacts dated back to about 1000 BC and
were used for religious ceremonies.
bulls, called Verza and Junika in the dialect of Mazandaran, are
still recognized as symbols of struggle and fecundity by the locals.
is one of
’s archaeological poles. Studies show that the region has been
inhabited for over 400,000 years. Urbanization is thought to have
developed in the region some time around 3000 BC, and the new
findings at the Gohar-Tappeh provide further evidence for this
theory. The excavations, which aim to determine the style of
urbanization of the site, will continue until late November.