artifact was discovered during the first phase of the excavations
carried out on the site. Such bas-reliefs have never been seen in
any ancient site of the county so far. The upper parts of the
goddesses resemble a woman and the lower parts are similar to an
animal like a deer or cow with wings on both their sides,” Reza
Heydari told the Persian service of the Cultural Heritage News (CHN)
bas-reliefs are very unique. Similar bas-reliefs depicting winged
goddesses have not been found, even at Persepolis with all its
grandeur,” he said.
its higher strata, Rabat dates back to some time around 1000 BC. It
is one of the richest archaeological sites of northwestern Iran.
Archaeologists had estimated the site covered only a four-hectare
area, but new studies have extended the area to 25 hectares.
team of archaeologists working in the region believes that Rabat
Tepe was the seat of government of Musasir about 3000 years ago.
was a semi-independent buffer state bordering Mannai between Assyria
and Urartu. It was a vassal state of Assyria yet Urartu had some
claim over it.
believe that it was an ancient city probably located near the upper
Great Zab River between Lake Urmia and Lake Van, the present Turkey.
Musasir was particularly important during the first half of the 1st
millennium BC and is known primarily from reliefs and inscriptions
obtained during the reign of the Assyrian king Sargon II, who
captured it in 714 BC. According to the inscriptions, Sargon first
plundered the palace and storerooms that belonged to Urzana, the
king of Musasir, and then seized the even richer contents of the
temple of Haldi, the god of the ancient kingdom of Urartu.