-- Recent excavations in the historical site of
Haft Tepe has led to the discovery of three clay
statuettes of fertile goddesses.
The clay statuettes are the flourished art of the
ancient times and are evidence of religious and
social beliefs shown in an artistic way. Studying
the discovered items would help understand some of
the mental beliefs of the ancestors.
“The latest excavations in the historical site
of Haft Tepe led to the discovery of three clay
statuettes. These statuettes are fertile goddesses
that were used in religious ceremonies by people
of ancient Persia,” says Behzad Mofidi, head of
the archaeological excavation team in Haft Tepe.
These statuettes were designed according to the
beliefs and social traditions of each period
during ancient times. Some of them were quiet
simple, but some had lots of ornaments. These
statuettes have been found in different places and
conditions. Some of them were founded in graves
and temples, and others in non-religious places.
The ones found in temples were offered by prayers
for fulfilling their dreams of increasing
agricultural crops, fertility of the land,
survival of their generations, and for health.
Some were also offered to help strengthen
relations between the prayer and God.
These statuettes prove that a temple must exist in
the region, Mofidi says, “Regarding these
statuettes, most probably there must be a
3500-year-old temple in the region, but more
archaeological studies are still needed to prove
this claim. The futures excavations will answer a
lot of questions.”
Within the previous excavations in different parts
of the world, thousands of carved statues and
statuettes of mother goddesses, naked or sometimes
designed in red color have been found, in some of
which the mothering characteristics have been
shown in exaggeration. These statues picture women
while delivering babies. These statuettes are made
of clay, or are carved of bones or stones.
According to Mofidi, none of the discovered
statuettes are intact, and all are headless.
The historical site of Haft Tepe is located a few
kilometers from Tchogha Zanbil (a World Heritage
Site), in Khorasan province. The region which is
being called Haft Tepe is an Elamite city, which
is 400 years older than Tchogha Zanbil, and is one
of the most important historical sites of Iran.