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Pre-history Life to Unearth along Zayandeh Rood


18 October 2005

(CHN) -- Archaeologists will excavate two historic hills east of Esfahân province, in the vicinities of Zayandeh Rood River, in order to understand ways of life of the pre-historic people in the province.

Archaeologists believe that the civilization on the bank of Zayandeh Rood can be one of the oldest civilizations of Asia which was formed during the same time that ancient civilizations appeared alongside rivers.

Throughout history, it has been proven that human beings settled near or next to rivers, which gave them the chance to get access to water for irrigation and to fulfill their main needs in life. Zayandeh Rood is one of the most important rivers of Iran.

“Following archaeological studies, we are going to excavate two historical hills, one of which is alongside Zayaneh Rood midway, and the other in the Gav khooni swamp,” says Mohsen Javeri, archaeologist and head of archaeological studies of the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization of Esfahân..

“These excavations will be aimed to find out features of life east of Esfahân during the pre-historic period. At the time, a lot of people lived there due to its nearness to Zayandeh Rood,” says Javeri.

Previous to this, archaeologists found Hasanabad Cave in Zayandeh Rood basin, which led to the discovery of humans and animals remains in this 50,000-year-old cave.

According to Javeri, both of the selected hills belong to the pro-historic period, but their exact date is not yet known. This is the first time these hills will undergo excavation. He believes that the excavations in these regions will reveal the way of life of the ancient people in Esfahân province.

During last year’s archaeological excavations within the perimeters of Esfahân city, it was proved that the city dates back to more than 6000 years ago.

Zaindeh Rood , river, c.250 mi (400 km) long, rising in the Zagros Mts., W central Iran, and flowing southeast through an agricultural district to a swamp W of Yazd; used for irrigation along its entire length. The Kuh-Rang (Shah Abbas-e Kabir) Dam (built 1953) diverts water from the upper course of the Karun River through a 2-mi (3.2-km) tunnel into the Zayandeh Rud, where it is used to supplement irrigation in the Esfahân area. It is also spelled Zayinda Rud.