archaeology is only practical in oceans and seas
in which the water is stagnant in the deep area.
The reservoir of the Sivand Dam will be filled by
the Polvar River, thus causing a constant flow of
water into the dam. The river will then deposit
mud behind the dam and the archaeological sites
will be buried under sediment,” Alireza Asgari
large extent of the silt will entirely cover
Tang-e Bolghi, so that there will be no trace of
the site after 100 or 150 years when the dam
expires. The layers of sediment will also
gradually spoil the dam by raising the level of
water to the crest of the dam,” he explained.
of Italian, Polish, Japanese, French, German, and
Australian archaeologists have been assigned to
save 129 ancient sites in Tang-e Bolaghi.
officials of the dam as well as the teams of
archaeologists know that Tang-e Bolaghi will meet
its death when the ancient sites are submerged and
also know that underwater archaeology would be a
futile effort in this case. Thus, they have
decided to arrange the filling time (of the
reservoir) in such a way that more excavations can
be carried out,” Asgari said.
in charge of the Sivand Dam Project had recently
announced that the dam would come on stream on
February 1, 2006. Nevertheless, the dam was
originally scheduled to become operational in
chose the day February 1 since it coincides with
the first day of the Ten-Day Dawn (the anniversary
of the victory of the Islamic Revolution). In
addition, the winter rain and snow will help fill
the water reservoir up to 30 million cubic
meters,” the executive manager of the dam
project Jalal Jamei said on October 15.
part of the renowned imperial route to Persepolis
and Susa, Tang-e Bolaghi will be flooded by the
Polvar River when the Sivand Dam is completed.
Part of Pasargadae will be buried under mud, and
even the mausoleum of Cyrus the Great is believed
to be at risk.
Bolaghi contains sites from the Neolithic and
Paleolithic periods, the early, middle, and late
Elamite era (2700-645 BC), and the Sassanid era
believe that the water stored in the dam’s
reservoir will increase humidity, which will later
damage the foundations of the palaces.