-- The first season of archaeological excavations
in Rabat Tepe led to the discovery of
3000-year-old 180x180 cm flagstone, which have
never been seen before in any Urartu historical
sites. Similar flagstones have been found in
Ancient Rome and Ancient Iran historical sites.
Rabat Tepe is located near the town of Sardasht in
West Azarbaijan province of Iran. It is believed
that hill used to be the capital of Musasir
government about 3000 years ago. Before setting on
the excavations the site was supposed to be
something about 14 hectares, but recent
excavations prove it to cover a 25-hectare land.
“The first season of excavations in the second
Rabat Tepe in Rabat city led to the discovery of
circled flagstones, which were never seen before
in other Urartu civilization historical sites.
These flagstones consist of seven intricate
circles measuring 180x180 cms,” says Reza
Heidari, archaeologist of the Cultural Heritage
and Tourism Organization of West Azarbaijan.
The first season of excavation in Rabat Tepe led
to the discovery of winged goddesses and a naked
winged goddess in the region which have attracted
the attention of domestic and foreign experts and
media. Such winged goddesses were always thought
to have belonged to Greece.
“The flagstones are of oval river rocks put
together in an artistic way and framed with
bricks. This type of work has been seen in Ancient
Rome and Iran. But how people of this region did
learn the art is a question that needs a long term
excavation and studies to be answered,” explains
Another question experts are faced with is using
colors during the first Iron Age in this
historical site. Besides it is not known yet what
the winged goddesses were the symbols of in this
region 3000 years ago.
Rabat Tepe is one of the key historical sites of
Iran. Experts believe that it was an ancient city
probably located near the upper Great Zab River.
Musasir was particularly important during the
first half of the first millennium before the
Christ and is known primarily from reliefs and
inscriptions obtained during the reign of the
Assyrian king Sargon the second, who captured it
in 714 B.C. According to the inscriptions, Sargon
first plundered the palace and storerooms that
belonged to Urzana, the king of Musasir, and then
seized the even richer contents of the temple of
Haldi, the God of the ancient kingdom of Urartu.