-- The Telecommunication Department of Hamedan found by
chance an underground cemetery during its activities on
one of the streets of Samen city
This 3000-year-old underground cemetery consists of a big
hall at the end of a 10-meter long corridor and two
4x5-meter rooms at the end of a smaller corridor.
“Inside the chambers and corridors, a large amount of
skeleton remains and clay dishes have been found. The
existence of such large number of skeletons has made the
space something like a dead city,” says Mohammad Rahim
Ranjbaran, deputy of the Research Center of the Cultural
Heritage and Tourism Organization of Hamedan province.
Ranjbaran believes that this kind of burial is an
indication of a special traditional burial ceremony during
3000 years ago, which was never seen before in other parts
of Hamedan province.
The corpses were located in different sides of the room in
foetal position. Alongside each of the skeletons some clay
dishes can bee seen, remains inside which are evidence of
the oblations and the foods left there.
This kind of foetal burying with clay dishes inside tombs
had already been seen in Gourijan Tepe, but it is the
first time ever that the dead have been discovered buried
in underground chambers.
“Following the discovery of this underground city, some
of the people of the area declared that they had already
seen such cemeteries underneath their houses but since
they were unaware of their importance, the rooms were
damaged during architectural constructions,” added
Many of the skeletons of this underground cemetery are
located at the rear room. Most of the clay dishes are
broken, which may indicate that the cemetery was
According to Rajbaran, remains of fire burning can be seen
in a hole beside one of the walls of the corridor.
Existence of a raised platform in part of this underground
corridor and traces of soot on the walls indicate that the
dead were being buried with special rituals.
The first program of the Cultural Heritage Organization of
Hamadan province is to study more about this cemetery, and
categorizing the rooms and corridors, cleaning the clays
and skeletons, and doing necessary excavations.
Samen city is the center of Malayer city.