cais1.gif (153930 bytes)

CAIS Persian Text.gif (34162 bytes)


The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies

 Persian Section.PNG (9914 bytes)


About CAIS


Daily News

News Archive


CAIS Seminars

Image Library





Contact Us


Facebook-Button.jpg (107165 bytes)




An Unknown 3000-year-old Musical Instrument Found in Gohar-Tappeh


News Category:


Province of:


 27 October 2005



A team of archaeologists recently discovered an unidentified artifact in a grave beside a skeleton at the ancient site of Gohar-Tappeh in Mazandaran Province, the Persian service of CHN announced on Friday.


The director of the team, Ali Mahforuzi, said that some prominent musicians of Mazandaran believe that the artifact looks like a clarinet.


If the archaeologists can prove that the artifact is a musical instrument, the 3000-year-old relic would be the oldest musical instrument ever discovered in the region, Mahforuzi added.


“The artifact is made of a deer antler in which several holes are seen, and a brass layer has been riveted with seven nails to its end.


“No additional studies have been carried out on the skeleton yet. But considering the size, the archaeologists estimate that it is a male. In addition, a dagger, a cup and a glass, as well as a bracelet and a necklace have also been found in the grave. A bronze ribbon and a brass sheet were also put around the head of the skeleton.


“With the discovery of the artifact, the musical history of the region dates can be dated back to older an era, indicating the cultural development of the inhabitants of the region 3000 years ago. Today, in the villages of northern Mazandaran and in Gohar-Tappeh, the clarinet is still made out of a deer antler.


According to the musicians of Mazandaran, the oldest musical instrument ever discovered in the Caspian region up to now dates back to the Parthian era.


Covering an area of 40 hectares, Gohar-Tappeh is located near Behshahr in the northern part of the province. Ruins and other artifacts unearthed in the region indicate that the site dates back to the Iron Age, but further study is required to determine its specific period during the Iron Age.


The proximity of the ruins of architectural structures and the cemetery indicates that Gohar-Tappeh was a permanent settlement millennia ago.