excavations behind Shian Dam of Kermanshah (Kermânshâh) province led to
the discovery of a big fire temple belonging to
Parthian-Sassanid dynastic periods. This is the first fire temple which
has been discovered in the vicinity of Kermanshah city.
Previous to the discovery no one was aware of the
existence of such a fire temple in Shian village.
The aim of these excavations is to save the historical
site behind Shian Dam in Shian village of Kermanshah
province. There is some evidence from the second
millennium before the Christ to the beginning of Islam at
the back of the dam. Archaeologists believe that the
historical sites and different residencies were formed due
to the existence of Sarab-e Shian in the region. Sarab-e
Shian has existed since 2400 years ago.
“During the excavations for salvation of the historical
site behind Shian Dam in Kermanshah, in one of the near
residencies of the dam, a fire temple belonging to Parthian-Sasanid
era was discovered, which was unknown until know. This
fire temple is 14.5 in 14.5 square meters alongside an
adjacent of 5 in 14.5 square meters. Therefore the whole
area of the fire temple reaches to 19.5 in 14.5 square
meters. Some unique plaster works can be seen in this fire
temple,” says Hassan Rezvani, head of excavation team of
Shian Dam in Kermanshah.
There is also an irrigation channel belonging to the
Parthian era near to the fire temple, which archaeologists
have not found the relation of this channel with the fire
temple yet. The channel is stoneworked with two rows of
stones and the bottom of it is covered with 40 in 40 in 7
centimeters bricks. The bottom of the channel is 60 meters
long. There are some caulks from the stones of the river
which were put to getter in a way to direct the water to
the channel from the source head.
“There are several plaster works in the fire temple. The
pillar of the brazier was designed with Lotos flower
plaster works. Five pillars of braziers are located aside
the circumambulation corridor. The pillar of this fire
temple was built of mortar, semi hit plaster, and a very
hard stone,” added Rezvani.
The excavations led to the discovery of some metal dishes
which archaeologists believe that they should have been
used on braziers. Archaeological studies indicate that the
flooring of the fire temple should have been done later.
During Islam period some changes was brought to the fire
temple. A plaster raised platform was built in the center
of the fire temple, which archaeologists believe that this
way the fire temple was changed to a mosque. Regarding
Islamic ways of burial in the vicinity of the fire temple
it is supposed that there must be a mosque or pilgrimage
“A 5 in 10 meters plaster floor can be seen in the
eastern entrance of the fire temple. There is an adjacent
hall in the northern part of the fire temple which was the
place for oblations in the fire temple. There is a
stonework wall in the front of the eastern gate. And there
are some small constructions between the eastern gate and
the stonework wall which most probably was used during the
Achaemenid era,” says Rezvani.