team of archaeologists discovered ruins of a
historic school during their excavations
in the town of Taberan of Old Tus in Razavi
Khorasan Province, the director of the team
Mohammad Toghraii announced Thursday.
Tus is a vast region covering an area of about 60,000 square kilometers
consisting of four towns: Taberan (present-day Tus), Nughan (within
present-day Mashhad), Radkan, and Taruqaban (present-day Torqabeh). It is
bordered in the north by the Hezar-Masjed Mountains and in the south by
the Binalud Mountains.
archaeologists surmise that the school dates back to Khwarezm-shah dynasty
(circa 1077–1231). If the hypothesis is proved, ruins of the school will
be the oldest architectural remains of a school existing in Iran,”
in Isfahan, Emamieh School is the oldest one still remaining in Iran,
which dates back to 1349.
architecture of the school resembles Mongolian style. The initial studies
indicate that the school has been reconstructed on its former plan. A
number of inscriptions written in Kufic as well as some Achaemenid era
bricks have also been discovered in the school,” he said.
dynasty ruled in Central Asia and Iran, first as vassals of the Seljuqs
and later as independent rulers. The dynasty was defeated by the Mongols
in 1231 and their territories were taken over by them.
and bloodshed were dominant on the region during the reign of Mongols and
no efforts were made for reconstruction of Khorasan. This fact increases
the possibility that it might date back to Achaemenid era. In addition,
the earthenware and shards unearthed in the school belong to different
eras, which can prove that the school is for Mongol era,” Toghraii
Nizamiyah School of Khargerd in Khorasan Razavi Province was the oldest
school that has been ever recognized in Iran. The French archaeologist
Andrea Goddard discovered an inscription in the site, indicating the year
of 1058, but he could not find any architectural remains from the school.
were educational institutions founded by the powerful Seljuq minister
Nizam-ul-Mulk (died in 1092), an Iranian from Khorasan. The institutions
were called Nizamiyahs in his honor. The most famous of them, the Baghdad
Nizamiyah, was established in 1067.