team of archaeologists, working on some regions
near the town of Sardasht in Iran's West
Azarbaijan Province, believe that the Rabat Tepe
used to be the capital of Musasir government in
about 3,000 years ago, the director of the team
said on Sunday.
excavations intend to shed light on the dark side of the archaeology in
northwestern Iran. Due to the ruins of architectural structures unearthed
during the previous excavations, the Rabat Tepe is expected to be the
capital of an unknown state – very likely that of Musasir government,”
Bahman Kargar added.
total of 83 glazed bricks bearing Urartian cuneiform script as well as
geometrical, mythical, and plant motifs had been discovered during the
excavations carried out in 1985. Archaeologists had also found ruins of
Mannai (ancient country in northwestern Iran, south of Lake Urmia) near
Bukan in West Azarbaijan Province; the findings raise the possibility that
Musasir government was most likely located in northwest of Iran.
was a semi-independent buffer state bordering Mannae between Assyria and
Urartu. It was a vassal state of Assyria yet Urartu had some claim over
believe that it was an ancient city probably located near the upper Great
Zab River between Lake Urmia and Lake Van, the present Turkey. Musasir was
particularly important during the first half of the 1st millennium BC and
is known primarily from reliefs and inscriptions of the Assyrian king
Sargon II, who captured it in 714. According to the inscription, Sargon
first plundered the palace and storerooms belonged to Urzana, the king of
Musasir, and then seized the even richer contents of the temple of Haldi,
the god of the ancient kingdom of Urartu.
team, which also includes a number of anthropologists, geologists,
topographers, and some experts in restoration works, will continue their
work until late October.