& CULTURAL NEWS©
in Bam Citadel led to the discovery of two
underground cubbyholes in the barrack section of
According to experts, the historical Bam Citadel,
which is one of the biggest earthen structures in
the world and was registered on UNESCO World
Heritage List dates back to the Sassanid era, but
the exact time of it is not yet known.
“In excavations of the east side of the main
gate of the barrack, we discovered two closed
doors. After opening them, two small underground
cubbyholes were discovered,” says Eskandar
Mokhtari, head of Bam Salvation Project.
According to him, the rooms are connected to each
other and due to the destruction of their roofs,
they have been filled with soil and debris. The
original body of the rooms had been made of adobe
on which some brick reconstructions have been
One of the discovered rooms is 225x252 square
centimeters and the other 323x252 square
centimeters. Of the first room just some small
parts are left intact. Due to the dampness, the
adobe structure of the rooms has decayed. A shell
and a piece of metal have been found in the room.
After the earthquake that hit Bam two years ago,
the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization of
Iran with the cooperation of some of the world
organizations such as UNESCO have started some
activities for the salvation of the historical
sites of Bam city.
In the 29th session of UNESCO World Heritage
committee which was held in Durban in South
Africa, UNESCO praised the so-far attempts of
Iranian officials and countries helping in the
project including Japan and Italy.
The earthen city of Bam is one for the most
important historical and cultural cities in the
world which dates back to 2000 years ago. Last
year in the UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee
held in China, some decisions were made for Bam
Salvation and Bam was registered in UNESCO World