team of Iranian and French archaeologists recently
visited northwestern Iran to search for evidence
of the Kura-Araxes culture in the region, an
expert of Iran’s Cultural Heritage and Tourism
Organization (CHTO) announced on Tuesday.
Alizadeh said that the team led by French archaeologist Catherine Marro
visited the Bazargan, Chaldiran, and Jolfa regions and the plains of Khoy
and Marand in
Kura-Araxes culture was an important Chalcolithic (copper-stone age) and
Bronze Age culture that flourished in the
, and northwestern
from about 4000 BC to 2200 BC.
explained that the team studied the regions during their six-day stay to
discover the transition from the Chalcolothic era to the Early and Middle
Bronze Age, a precocious metallurgical development which strongly
influenced surrounding regions.
are also determined to study the route of the nomads to determine whether
the Kura-Araxes nomads used the Iranian regions for their summer and
winter migrations or not,” he noted.
said that the project will be continued in
next year if an agreement is signed between the
for Scientific Research, known by its French initials CNRS (Centre
National de la Recherche Scientifique).
territory the Kura-Araxes people inhabited is located in modern
. They built mud-brick houses, originally round, but later developing into
a square design. The economy was based on farming and livestock-raising.
They grew grain and various orchard crops and are known to have used
implements to make flour. They raised cattle, sheep, goats, dogs, and in
its later phases, horses.
pottery was distinctive. It was painted black and red, using geometric
designs for ornamentation. Examples have been found as far south as
, and as far north as
. The spread of this pottery, along with archaeological evidence of
invasions, suggests that the Kura-Araxes people may have spread outward
from their original homes and most certainly had extensive trade contacts.
The ceramic finds of the Kura-Araxes culture appear in a wide area that
spreads from eastern
, and the Amuq valley to the
. In north
, the Kura-Araxes ware is also found.
metal goods were widely distributed, recorded in the
and Don-Donets systems in the north, into
in the south, and west into