& CULTURAL NEWS©
Province Owns Most Glorious Cultural Heritage in Iran
Zoroastrian Shrine of Pir-e Naraki, Yazd Province
has owned the most glorious cultural and civilizational heritages in the
course of Iran's history.
Yazd area has been inhabited much earlier than the third millennium BC,
so that during the rule of Pishdadian, tribal migrants leaving Balkh for
Pars named it "Yazadan".
The word "Yazd" means clean and sacred and "Yazdgerd"
means divine. The city of Yazd signifies `The God's City and Holy Land'.
Some historians attribute the early structure of the city to Alexander
the Macedonian warlord and have said that it has been named after a prison he
himself had constructed.
Other historians believed that a city dubbed "Yazdangerd" was
built in Sassanid era upon the order of Yazdgerd I at the present site of
the provincial capital and that the the name of Yazd which has been
derived from it means sacred, auspicious and laudable.
Most of the historical relics of the province date back to the
post-Islam period, while the remains of figures engraved at Arnan heights
to the south of Yazd are among the rare pre-Islamic historical sites.
Aqueducts are among the most significant and lasting provincial relics
excavated into the depth of land considered as the most basic elements of
developing areas taking shape at Iran's central desert surviving through
Similar to aqueducts, a remarkable part of the architectural and urban
structures of the city are placed at the same depth.
Two types of roofed bazaars built in accordance with traditional
architecture have been identified in Yazd.
Ancient mosques are among the most charming heritage of the area's past
culture and architecture.
Yazd Grand Mosque is known as the most archaic heritage of the
provincial capital of Yazd.
Wind traps are one of the most distinct features of the city of Yazd
accounting for its clear distinction from other cities. Given their
application as the modern-day air conditions, they were part of the
The 4000-year-old cypress tree in Abarkouh, Narin-Qaleh castle in
Meibod, Zardak Mosque in Ardakan are among the historical resort areas of
The world's highest wind trap measuring 33 meters high is situated at
Dowlatabad Garden in Yazd.
Zoroastrians are one of the minorities who have been residing in the
province since ancient time.
Temple dating back to 1,500 years ago has been reconstructed during the
rule of Pahlavi dynasty.
The vast desert area, starry nights, natural landscapes and 6,000
historical and cultural monuments of Yazd are referred to by some experts
as a great divine gift, which could annually attract 7-10 million
However, according to optimistic statistics, 4-5 million tourists are
predicted to visit the province per year.
With an area measuring 76,156 square kms, Yazd province is situated in
central Iran and is surrounded by the provinces of Isfahan, Khorasan and
Kerman. It is one of the driest and largest desert areas in the world.
Door of Inner-Sanctum of the Chak-Chak Fire Temple, Yaz Province