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2500-year-old Agricultural Traditions Survives in Uramanat




17 September 2005


Uramanat’s agriculture, the style of which goes back to the first millennium BC, enjoys the quality to be registered on Iran’s National Heritage list.

Uramanat valley, is considered the main nucleus of Kurdistan province by Adel Farhangi, an expert with Iran’s Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization, where people enjoy a dialect of Kurdish language, music, and dances specific to themselves also delivered to other areas of the province.

“Using valleys for agriculture, irrigation systems for farms, bringing soil to the area from other parts, are all carried out in the same way from 2500 years ago, making the agriculture of this region survive intact during the time,” says Farhanghi.

Inhabitants of Uramanat region have maintained their traditional system of life and no fundamental changes have been done to this region yet.

According to Farhangi, this region enjoys a special, coherent system of culture, agriculture, way of thinking and behavior, infrastructure, and defending system of their own. All these characteristics make the region worth of being registered on the Cultural Heritage list.

The language of Uromanat inhabitants is a kind of Kurdish dialect, which is not easily understood in other parts of Kurdistan province. The music and folk of this region is different from the other parts of Kurdistan as well. Folk dances have a special cultural value among the people of the region.

Some other tribes have had temporal effects on the region during the history, but Uramanat people have made the most influence in the Zagros region during the history. Therefore it is important to carry out more studies on them.

The area is planned to undergo some anthropology and archaeological studies. Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization of Iran is now completing the national registration process of the region.

Uramanat starts from Kurdistan province of Iraq, which is the greenest part of it, and runs to Kermanshah and Kurdistan provinces in Iran.




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